What defines a Criminal Record in Alaska?
A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities.
While the standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, the majority of Alaska criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Alaska State Records Online Database.
Information is collected in different ways. Sources often rely on non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes. As a result, the amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org may vary from individual to individual. Criminal records in the state of Alaska generally include the following subjects:
Alaska Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information regarding a person that has been questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, placed in detention, held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. In Alaska, an arrest can be made when a person commits a misdemeanor or felony and is apprehended by a law enforcement officer. Arrests may be made with or without an arrest warrant depending on the situation.
Alaska Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document that is signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. It authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. Arrest warrants are frequently issued against offenders who do not show up in court as ordered or disobey a court ruling. Outstanding warrants
from Alaska are limitless in their reach; police officers can go to any part of the state or the country to execute these orders.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense that is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is categorized by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. In Alaska, misdemeanors are crimes punishable by up to one year in county or local jail. Misdemeanors in Alaska are divided into two categories: class A or B.
- Class A misdemeanors are punishable by up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $10,000
- Class B misdemeanors are less serious crimes, punishable by up to 90 days in jail and a fine of up to $2,000.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, which is to be served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. In Alaska, the punishment differs with the four classes. Felonies may be unclassified or categorized into Class A, B, and C. Sentencing ranges from one year in a class C felony to 20 years in a class A felony. Unclassified felonies are the most serious crimes, punishable by large fines and lengthy prison terms.
Alaska Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender is a person who has committed a sex crime. In Alaska, sex offender registration
is mandated by the law. Any offender who has served his sentence for a single, non-aggravated crime must provide local law enforcement authorities with extensive personal information—including his address, his place of employment, the address of his employer, the license plate number and make and model of any car to which he has access, a current photo, identifying features, and medical treatment—at least once a year for 15 years.
Alaska Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. The Alaska Department of Administration (DMV) implements a point system
for the specific purpose of crash prevention. Each violation carries a certain number of points―from 2 points to 10 points. Offenders who accumulate 12 points in a 12-month period or 18 points across a 24-month period may have their driving privileges revoked or suspended.
Alaska Conviction Records
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded nolo contendere against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges can be classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes when a person has been judged delinquent, has been less than honorably discharged or has been placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment that was deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Alaska Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone who has been deprived of his/her civil liberties while on trial for a crime or while serving a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime. The Alaska Department of Correction
maintains an online database of inmate records, which often includes the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Alaska Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information regarding the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions prior to completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall require as a condition of parole that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it deems appropriate in order to ensure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Alaska are served.
Alaska Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Alaska to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they comply with probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation that emphasizes punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Alaska Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information regarding criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered to be convicted of a crime like an adult but instead are found to be “adjudicated delinquent.” These criminal records are often mistakenly thought to be erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Alaska History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Alaska criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s when criminal and arrest data started to be centralized and compiled into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by the human error in the past, but in the 1990s the quality and accuracy of recordkeeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer. As a result, the information provided on StateRecords.org may vary from person to person.
Alaska Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and maintain a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented a requirement that all states establish sex offender registries and provide the public with information about those registered.
The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that requirements register under the Alaska Sex Offender Registration Act apply to persons who committed their crimes after August 10, 1994. Persons convicted of child kidnapping and sex offenses that were committed in Alaska, or equivalent offenses in other states, after August 10, 1994, are subject to registration in Alaska with the Department of Public Safety. Because sex offender laws in other states are different from Alaska’s, some sex offenders who are not required to register in Alaska may be required to register or may have restrictions on where they can live, work or go to school in another state.